COVID-19 Disease Outbreak

COVID-19 Disease Outbreak

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the WHO are closely monitoring the worldwide outbreak of a novel coronavirus known as SARS-CoV-2, which is causing the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in humans.

The USA is currently in the outbreak initiation phases, but certain states, where community-spread is occurring, are in the acceleration phase, such as New York. The duration and severity of each outbreak phase can vary depending on the characteristics of the local version of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and the public health response, says the CDC.

COVID-19 Disease Time-Line

  • November 17, 2019 - According to government data seen by the South China Morning Post, a 55-year-old person from Hubei province, China could have been the first person to have contracted COVID-19 disease.
  • December 16, 2019 - The Lancet reported the admission patients with respiratory disease to hospitals in China. About 59 patients with fever and dry cough were transferred to a designated hospital starting on Dec 31, 2019.
  • December 29, 2019 - The 4 cases linked to the Huanan (Southern China) Seafood Wholesale Market, were identified by local hospitals using a surveillance mechanism for “pneumonia of unknown etiology”
  • December 31, 2019 - Chinese experts said they 'are investigating an outbreak of respiratory illness in the central city of Wuhan that some have likened to the 2002-2003 SARS epidemic. The city's health commission said in a statement that 27 people had fallen ill with a strain of viral pneumonia, 7 of whom were in serious condition.
  • January 9, 2020 - A preliminary investigation into viral pneumonia illnesses sickening dozens of people in and around China has identified the possible cause as a new type of coronavirus, state media.
  • January 11, 2020 – A Travel Alert was issued regarding the pneumonia outbreak in Wuhan, China by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  • January 19, 2020 – Wuhan Municipal Commission of Health in China reported that they have discovered 17 additional cases of pneumonia related to a novel Coronavirus strain, now called 2019-nCoV.
  • January 19, 2020 - A 35-year-old man presented to an urgent care clinic in Snohomish County, Washington, reported the first case of 2019-nCoV infection confirmed in the USA and describe the patient’s initial mild symptoms at presentation with progression to pneumonia on day 9 of illness.
  • January 23, 2020 - the US Department of State notified U.S. citizens via a Level 4 Travel Advisory that ‘travelers should be aware that the Chinese government could prevent them from entering or exiting parts of Hubei province.’
  • January 29, 2020 - the US Department of State chartered a flight leaving Wuhan (China) Tianhe International Airport on January 28, 2020, bringing US citizens to the USA.
  • January 31, 2020 – The US CDC announced that it has issued federal quarantine orders to all 195 US citizens who repatriated to the USA on January 29, 2020.
  • January 31, 2020, President Trump signed a proclamation barring entry to the United States of most foreign nationals who traveled to China within the past 14 days
  • Seattle & King County Washington announced the initial COVID-19 disease fatality on March 1, 2020.
  • March 11, 2020, President Trump signed a proclamation that restricts travel to the United States from foreign nationals who have recently been in certain European countries.  This did not apply to U.S. citizens or legal permanent residents. 
  • March 19, 2020, the US Department of State issued a Level 4 Do not Travel Global Advisory.

People at Risk from COVID-19 Disease

COVID-19 is a new disease and scientists are still learning how it spreads, the severity of illness it causes. Someone who is actively sick with COVID-19 can spread the illness to others.

If you are at higher risk for serious illness from COVID-19 because of your age or because you have a serious long-term health problem, it is extra important for you to take action to reduce your risk of getting sick with the disease, says the CDC.

  • People can catch the COVID-19 disease from others who have the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
  • The coronavirus can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person coughs or exhales.
  • The most common symptoms of COVID-19 disease are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. 
  • About 80% of infected people recover from the disease without needing special treatment.
  • Around 1 out of every 6 people who get COVID-19 disease becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness.
  • Pregnant women can become infected with SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus and COVID-19 disease. The CDC does not know if pregnant women have a greater chance of getting sick from COVID-19 nor whether they are more likely to have a serious illness as a result.
  • And, children of all ages, including infants, appeared susceptible to COVID-19 disease because the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus is novel, which means infants wouldn’t be able to get antibodies from their mothers.

COVID-19 Disease Diagnosis

COVID-19 disease is diagnosed when a patient is swabbed, then the sample is tested via reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to determine the presence of viral RNA. People have been re-diagnosed with COVID-19. 

Though, it’s unknown whether those people were truly reinfected or still just had low levels of the virus in their systems after they felt better.

COVID-19 Disease Fatality Rate

Older people and people of all ages with severe chronic medical conditions, such as heart disease, lung disease, and diabetes, appear to be at higher risk of developing serious COVID-19 illness. COVID-19 disease fatality rates range between 12% in endemic areas, such as China, Italy, and Spain, to 1% in passive countries, such as Japan and South Korea. 

COVID-19 Disease Breaking News

Coronavirus FAQs

Note:  Content sourced from the CDC, WHO, various governments, news agencies, social media networks, and the Precision Vax news network. All of the posts have been review by medical professionals, such as Dr. Robert Carlson, as of March 27, 2020.